One of the most common intracranial tumors, which is more often diagnosed in women than in men, is mainly benign meningioma . Let's understand what are its signs and causes.
Symptoms of meningioma
Among the first signs of this tumor, patients say:
- headache - complaints about it are registered in every third patient;
- muscle weakness (paresis) and
- changes in mental state - such complaints are recorded in one in five patients.
Due to the fact that malignant meningioma is rarely registered (up to one percent of all clinical cases), the main effect of this type of tumor on the body is to put pressure on neighboring healthy brain tissues. Thus, the symptoms of meningioma are similar to those seen in patients with other brain tumors. Symptoms of meningioma are also divided into local, ie focal (manifested in dysfunction, which is responsible for a specific area of the brain) and general cerebral symptoms .
Such a tumor as meningioma has the same symptoms as other brain tumors:
- localized headaches
- visual and auditory disorders;
- loss of orientation, muscle weakness;
- nausea not associated with eating and / or dizziness;
- mental disorders, etc.
Thus, a small hint about the possible type of "suspected" brain tumor in a patient is statistics - in most cases (85-90%) meningioma develops under the tent of the cerebellum (Tentorium cerebelli), which with tumor growth leads to seizures or unilateral muscle weakness body (hemiparesis) .
Without a clinical examination and diagnosis prescribed by an experienced neurosurgeon, to detect meningioma, and even more so to differentiate (clearly define the type of tumor from among the most likely, based on existing symptoms and diagnostic data) - is impossible.
About meningioma and its treatment in 3 minutes
Where does meningioma come from?
- craniocerebral trauma
Brain injuries, especially those associated with dura mater damage, can rarely trigger the chaotic growth of meningiomas.
Medicine has proven that hormones (including estrogen - a female hormone) can cause dysregulation of cell growth, which is the cause of tumors, including meningiomas. This relationship is confirmed statistically - meningioma in men is much less common than in women.
Patients with meningioma usually have a defect in chromosome 22, the same one that causes neurofibromatosis. If there is such a record in your medical records among your relatives, you should be much more careful about the symptoms that meningioma can cause.
Effects on the brain of ionizing radiation (in simple language, "radiation"), including X-rays are also a contributing factor to the development of meningiomas.
Meningioma in numbers:
- meningioma of the brain in women occurs 2 times more often than in men, and meningioma of the spinal cord about 4 times;
- atypical and malignant meningioma in men are found more often, and they occur in one case out of a hundred.
- cases of the disease under the age of 40 - isolated (usually associated with the presence of neurofibromatosis of the second type);
If you experience symptoms similar to the above, consult a specialist. And don't waste time! If the examination confirms a brain tumor, the treatment started earlier will be effective, less traumatic and cheaper. And if there is really no tumor, and the existing problems can be solved by non-surgical treatment - then why live in fear for at least one extra day?